FRUITS IN THE KITCHEN AND FRUITS ON THE TREE

Call for Recipes

About 30 years ago I wrote a book about fruits that were uncommon yet were uncommonly delicious and uncommonly easy to grow. That book has since gone out of print. It will soon be back in print, updated with additional “uncommon” fruits and, this time around, recipes.

Uncommon Fruits of Fall

The fruits I wrote about are all excellent eaten fresh. I am quite good at growing fruits; not so for doing anything else with them beyond transporting them from hand to mouth.

I am eliciting recipes from chefs and amateurs who have access to any of these fruits and can conjure up delicious jams, soups, tarts, salads, desserts, etc. — savory or sweet — that truly highlights their unique flavors. (I’ve read too many recipes that take a smidgen of fruit and stir it up with plenty of flour, sugar, butter, cream, whatever; to me that’s not really highlighting a fruit’s unique flavor or texture.)

I will, of course, credit any recipes published with their inventor as well as affiliations. Here’s a list of the fruits. It’s a list chapter headings and subheadings from the book. I have grown all of them and can vouch for their fresh flavors. So please send me your recipes, as “reply” to this blog or, preferably, as email.

•Juneberry: A Cosmopolitan Blue Berry (Amelanchier spp.)
•Beach Plum: A Tasty Fruit Not Just for the Beach (Prunus maritima)
•Alpine and Musk Strawberries: Diminutive Delectables (Fragaria vesca, F. moschata)
•Raisin Tree: Candied Fruit for the Picking (Hovenia dulcis)
Juneberry, beach plum, raisin tree, liingon
•Lingonberry: Dainty Looks, Sturdy Disposition, and Tasty Berries (Vaccinium vitis-ideae)
•Actinidia: Emeralds in the Rough (Actinidia arguta, A. kolomikta)
•Mulberry: A Summer Fruit-of-Many-Colors (Morus spp.)
•Kaki and American Persimmons: Fruits of the Gods (Diospyros kaki, D. virginiana)
•Elaeagnus: Gumi, Autumn Olive, and Russian Olive (Elaeagnus spp.)
Medlar, cornelian cherry, gooseberry, seasberry
•Gooseberry: Fruit with a Checkered Past (Ribes uva-crispa, R. hirtuellum)
•Maypop: A Passionflower for the North (Passiflora incarnata)
•Che: Chewy Dollops of Maroon Sweetness (Cudrania tricuspidata)
•Black Currant: Fruit from Fragrant Bushes (Ribes nigrum, R. odoratum)
•Nanking Cherry: Cherries on a Bush (Prunus tomentosa)
Pawpaw, kiwi, persimmon, passionfruit
•Cornelian Cherry: From the Shores of Ancient Greece (Cornus mas)
•Currants, Red and White: Sprightly, Translucent Jewels (Ribes petraeum, R. rubrum, R. sativum)
•Asian Pear: The Crunch Pear (Pyrus pyrifolia, P. ussuriensis, P. × bretschneideri
•Jostaberry: The Gooseberry and Black Currant Hybrid (Ribes nidigrolaria)
•Lowbush Blueberry: More American Than Apple Pie (Vaccinium angustifolium)
•Jujube: The Chinese Date (Ziziphus jujuba)
Nanking cherry, shipova, redcurrant, autumn olive
•Shipova: A Sweetie with a Blush (×Sorbopyrus auricularis)
•Medlar: Lost in the Middle Ages (Mespilus germanica)
•Seaberry: Northern flavor of oranges and pineapple (Hippophae rhamnoides)

•Black raspberry: Wild, but Worthy of Cultivation (Rubus occidentalis)

Hedging my Bets

This year has been such a bountiful year for fruits that even my peach tree has set fruit. Peaches are particularly pretty trees, in bloom showered with pink blossoms and the rest of the season with their healthy-looking, lance shaped leaves that gracefully curve downwards. Since I rarely get fruit from my tree — late frost, plum curculio, brown rot, and oriental fruit moth, among other maladies — I actually grow it mainly as an ornamental.

Peach tree, before hedgingBecause I grow it mostly as an ornamental and because it grows right near one corner of my vegetable garden, I don’t want it to grow too large. Last year at about this time I decided to hedge its crown into a pleasing shape. 
Peach tree, hedged
Peaches bear fruit on one year old wood. I figured the unpruned lower portions of the hedged branches would set fruit buds in case the tree, in conjunction with the weather and pests, was inclined to set fruit the following year. That’s this year, and the tree is bearing fruit.

I do prune again in spring while the tree is still dormant. Plenty of thinning cuts are needed to decongest the branches. Also some heading cuts to stimulated buds to grow into shoots for the following year’s flowers and fruits.
Peach, hedged, flowering
Yesterday I again hedged the tree down to shapely proportions, allowing it the possibility of a fruitful repeat performance next year.

 

12 Comments

  1. Kim Graves
    Posted July 7, 2021 at 1:15 pm | Permalink

    Hi Lee,

    We too have had multiple year peach harvest failure due to the plum curculio. I tried everything. I tried harvesting the entire fruit set in order to disrupt the life cycle. But this year I hopefully have found a solution. I sprayed kaolin clay at fruit set, twice more the first week , and then once every couple of weeks for two months. I then asked my orchardist who said I could stop after 30 days. Anyway, I’ve been up in the tree thinning the fruit and it’s all perfect. No sign of curculio. I guess I have to wait till the fruit ripens to be sure, but so far it’s looking great. Nice to find an organic solution. Fingers crossed.

    • Posted July 9, 2021 at 10:41 am | Permalink

      Yes, Surround is the go to spray for curculio. It must be applied many times in order to maintain that chalky coating, even after 1/4″ of rain.

  2. Bonnie
    Posted July 7, 2021 at 3:39 pm | Permalink

    I don’t have any recipes on hand but have made (way long ago) strawberry-red currant jam, just cut back on the sugar to please your taste buds. Also, this summer had a fruit salad that included mulberries – no recipe needed, just eat! 🙂

  3. Kyle D
    Posted July 7, 2021 at 4:30 pm | Permalink

    I’ve planted a Japanese Raisin Tree and I’ll be planting a “Norris” che soon. Both should do better and better as global warming continues to effect us. I’m in Connecticut, zone 6B. You should consider asking for recipes in the NAFEX facebook page.

    • Posted July 9, 2021 at 10:39 am | Permalink

      Thanks for the suggestion. Neither of those trees are sufficiently hardy here in Zone 5. I once grew che in a pot but it hardly had time to fully ripen.

  4. Lynne Carothers
    Posted July 7, 2021 at 6:41 pm | Permalink

    Love your book redo! Sure would like some chokeberry recipes!

    • Posted July 9, 2021 at 10:37 am | Permalink

      Chokeberry will not be in my book. It’s not something I and most people would pop fresh into our mouths.

  5. Johanna Hecht
    Posted July 7, 2021 at 11:47 pm | Permalink

    We have a damson plum. Bearing heavily this year after two barren years. But I need someone to prune it. Any recommendations? I make preserves, jelly and damson “cheese” per Elizabeth David. It’s like membrillo and great with cheese as a dessert.

  6. Sally Laegeler
    Posted July 8, 2021 at 8:22 am | Permalink

    I am really looking forward to this new book, Lee. I don’t have any recipes to submit but I will enjoy having some. All our alpine strawberries are eaten as fast as they are picked, usually by grandchildren. We have 1 black currant bush, 2 peach trees and 1 apple tree. If I have some good recipes I might pick up some of the uncommon fruits from the farmers market.

  7. Barbara Lubell
    Posted July 9, 2021 at 2:32 am | Permalink

    Hi Lee –
    I have made black currant jam, with as little sweetening as I can stand it. Delicious. They have a natural pectin so you don’t have to add thickening agents. I use mostly honey, some sugar to sweeten, throw in tangerine peels. More vitamin C than any citrus. Not a taste for everyone, but I love tart things.

    I’m going to have tons of elderberries this year. I made a bunch of syrup last year, but I should have frozen some; the stuff in the fridge all fermented. Medicinal goodness ‘tho. I have 3 different kinds of elderberries! The medicinal black ones that cluster by my vernal pool, and 3 red ones, and 2 beautiful black cutleaf filagreed ones, 1 in the ground & 1 in a pot.

  8. Janet Padiak
    Posted July 12, 2021 at 8:47 am | Permalink

    I am so glad that a new edition of the Uncommon Fruits is being prepared. I have re-read it many times, as my little suburban orchard has grown. I have a mulberry tree and have tried many recipes: mulberry pie, mulberry ice cream, mulberry jam, mulberry syrup for iced tea, as examples. While the fruit are excellent eating when fresh, I find when cooked they are too bland. However the mulberry mash, once strained, makes an excellent dye for wool and cotton, producing beautiful blue-purple colours. I also find the tree invaluable because the birds will go for the mulberries and stay away from other fruit that is ripening at the same time.

    • Posted July 12, 2021 at 5:05 pm | Permalink

      So that’s why birds leave my blackcaps, Fallgold raspberries, gumis, gooseberries, and red, white, and black currants alone. Perhaps.

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